Download Aspects of European History, 1789-1980 (University by Stephen J. Lee PDF

By Stephen J. Lee

During this sequel to his renowned elements of ecu heritage, 1494 - 1789, Stephen J. Lee charts the main typically encountered subject matters of 19th and 20th century background, from the origins of the French Revolution, in the course of the social and political reforms and upheavals of the final centuries to the current. precious and available, the ebook contains: * an invigorating consultant and sound resource of heritage fabric * brief analytical chapters* an interpretative method of background, offering a number of viewpoints on each one topic* either a huge survey and particular reviews* stimulation for student's skill to increase and make clear topic* a cautious constitution which aids notetaking, education of essays and revision. Any pupil of eu heritage may want to have this e-book at their side throughout their path experiences.

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18 The Continental System had a devastating effect on Napoleon’s power and reputation in Europe. In enforcing the blockade, Napoleon over-extended the borders of his influence. The occupation of Spain in 1808 to compel the Iberian Peninsula to close its ports to Britain was a serious mistake: it created, in the Peninsular War, a constant drain on French resources. ‘Those devilish Spanish affairs’,19 compounded as they were by guerrilla warfare and the first signs of British military success, kept several hundred thousand troops occupied.

French conservatism, as expressed by Guizot during the reign of Louis Philippe, also possessed vitality, recognizing the social achievements of the French revolution. Both English and French forms managed to adjust to, and secure the support of, the more constructive sections of their societies. Austrian conservatism possessed no such positive spirit. Metternich’s own explanation for his failures was naturally somewhat different. He would never admit to an error of judgement. ‘There is a wide sweep about my mind.

As a result, the Anglo-French understanding, brought about by the Quadruple Alliance, disintegrated into intense mutual suspicion. The 1840s and 1850s saw further disagreements between supposedly friendly powers. Louis Philippe again annoyed Palmerston, this time over the Spanish marriages question (1846), while Austria and Prussia came close to war over Frederick William IV’s proposal, in 1850, to establish the Erfurt Union between Prussia and the north German states. Even Russia’s assistance to Austria in 1849 brought problems.

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