Download Agenda for Change: New Tasks for the United Nations by Klaus Hüfner (auth.), Klaus Hüfner (eds.) PDF
By Klaus Hüfner (auth.), Klaus Hüfner (eds.)
The fiftieth anniversary of the United countries agency is honored in 1995. The UN emerged on the finish of the main bloody warfare within the heritage of latest civilization and it truly is comprehensible that its founding fathers have been involved at the start with the necessity "to shop succeeding gen erations from the scourge of war." This nice ancient venture of the hot overseas service provider was resolute and designed through the allied powers that had gained the struggle opposed to the "enemy states." Cooperation of the perma nent contributors of the UN safeguard Council was once the fundamental section of the effi ciency of submit -war method of foreign peace and defense. except this major project, the founding fathers of the United countries declared their selection "to reaffirm religion in basic human rights, within the dignity and price of the human individual, within the equivalent rights of fellows and girls and of countries huge and small, and to set up stipulations less than which justice and admire for the tasks coming up from treaties and different resources of overseas legislation should be maintained, and to advertise social prog ress and higher criteria of existence in greater freedom" (preamble, UN Charter).
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Extra resources for Agenda for Change: New Tasks for the United Nations
The functional approach offers no solution to these difficulties. Although "form follows function" (a phrase mistakenly attributed to Mitrany) now proves palpably apt as forecast, the growth and proliferation of organized multilateral units does not assure their effectiveness. Nor does it render their accountability. Functionalism may form, but it does not re-form. Rather the essence of the functional approach lies in the vesting of interests, notably interests liberated from constraint by the state.
At the same time, there has been a substantial increase in the globalisation of capital markets, a major expansion of international lending and security operations and major deregulations in domestic financial markets. A great number of new financial instruments have been developed, increasing the flexibility of the system. The changes permitted governments and companies to search for the cheapest source of finance as well as the international diversification of investors' portfolios. The International Monetary Fund and World Bank have not only weathered these transformations but have adapted to the needs of a changing world.
There are several explanations for the collapse of the system and also for the immediate and long term consequences. Some of these emphasize the do~ mestic and international problems of the United States insofar as America was unable to meet its obligations. Others give greater weight to the new needs of governments in satisfying their demand for borrowing more effi~ cientiy. There is also an explanation based on the interests and goals of the evolving new economic power centres and competitors of the US (Western Europe and Japan) which have rendered the post-Second World War arrangements obsolete.