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By Arnold J. Heidenheimer

This is a research within the reestablishment of de­ mocratic social gathering politics in divided and occupied Germany after the downfall of the nationwide Socialist tyranny. Its topic is the expansion of the Christian Democratic Union and the increase to energy of its chief, Konrad Adenauer. heavily linked to the luck of the German Federal Republic in attaining prosperity, political and armed forces energy and the prestige of an best friend of the Western powers, the CDU has but been the topic of greatly various reviews. just like the regime with which it really is linked, it suffers from the truth that for lots of observers admiration for a few German post-war achievements is blended with residual mistrust and skepticism. moreover, knowing of the CDU has been handicapped by way of pressured pictures of the forces it represents, lack of expertise approximately its inner association, and the overpowering place which its chief has completed lately. To observers either in Germany and in a foreign country the dominant Chancellor and get together chief appears to be like to overshadow either occasion and govt with the end result that the 1950'S, the very important interval of German reconstruction, has already been labelled the Adenauer Decade.

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What were these 'parties' which the Allies began to license in the summer of 1945 ? In what sense were the groups of Germans who banded together in Berlin, Cologne and elsewhere analogous to parties functioning within viable political systems where authority is exercised on behalf of parliamentary majorities? Did the German parties fit the conventional definition of groups of citizens united in the effort to enact one of a variety of alternative policies? Were the German parties essentially brokers between interest groups, political instruments of social classes or cliques of politicians anxious to reap the fruits of power?

Christian Democracy proved its adaptability by participating in the move to the left which was part of the general reaction against Fascism. But the structure provided by the initial unity of Resistance and anti-Fascist forces proved short-lived. Political alliances, it turned out, could not be forged from the allegiances of yesterday. The dominant poles of post-war politics were the political Liberalism of the West, particularly America, and Soviet Communism. Faced with this polarization, Christian Democracy abandoned its initial inclination to flirt with the left and came increasingly to identify itself with the dominant forces within the Western coalition.

Also represented in the founding committee, though not in the more conspicuous executive, were representatives from the rightwing parties. A large number of the Berlin founders, led by Hermes and Kaiser, had originally been affiliated with the Zentrum. Hennann Katzenberger and Heinrich Vockel had been executive secretaries of the Reich Zentrum office, Josef Ersing had been a Reichstag member from Wiirttemberg, Hans Lukascheck had been the Zentrum "Oberpriisident" of Silesia. Other Catholics in the group included Heinrich Krone, a chairman of the Zentrum youth organization, the Windthorstbund, and Emil Dovifat, a wellknown expert on journalism who helped establish the new party's newspapers.

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