Download 42 Fallacies by Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere PDF
By Dr. Michael Cooper LaBossiere
This publication provides descriptions and examples of forty two universal casual fallacies: advert Hominem advert Hominem Tu Quoque entice the implications of a trust attract Authority entice trust attract universal perform attract Emotion attract worry entice Flattery attract Novelty entice Pity entice recognition entice Ridicule attract Spite entice culture Begging the query Biased Generalization Burden of evidence Circumstantial advert Hominem Fallacy of Composition complicated reason and impression Fallacy of department fake challenge Gambler’s Fallacy Genetic Fallacy Guilt via organization Hasty Generalization Ignoring a typical reason center floor deceptive Vividness Peer strain own assault Poisoning the good submit Hoc Questionable reason purple Herring Relativist Fallacy Slippery Slope designated Pleading highlight Straw guy Wrongs Make a correct
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Extra info for 42 Fallacies
1. Premises in which the truth of the conclusion is claimed or the truth of the conclusion is assumed (either directly or indirectly). 2. Claim C (the conclusion) is true. This sort of “reasoning” is fallacious because simply assuming that the conclusion is true (directly or indirectly) in the premises does not constitute evidence for that conclusion. Obviously, simply assuming a claim is true does not serve as evidence for that claim. This is especially clear in particularly blatant cases: “X is true.
Now is a time for new moralities. ” Prof: “Exactly. Just as the dinosaurs died off to make way for new animals, the old ideas have to give way for the new ones. And just as humans are better than dinosaurs, the new ideas are better than the old. ” Appeal to Pity Also Known as: Ad Misericordiam Description: An Appeal to Pity is a fallacy in which a person substitutes a claim intended to create pity for evidence in an argument. The form of the “argument” is as follows: 1. P is presented, with the intent to create pity.
Michael C. LaBossiere. It may be freely distributed for personal or educational use provided that it is not modified and no fee above the normal cost of distribution is charged for it. Fallacies and Arguments In order to understand what a fallacy is, one must understand what an argument is. Very briefly an argument consists of one or more premises and one conclusion. A premise is a statement (a sentence that is either true or false) that is offered in support of the claim being made, which is the conclusion (which is also a sentence that is either true or false).